What are the different journalism careers to consider?
Are you good at telling captivating stories? The field of journalism is rich with opportunities and various specializations to choose from. Whether you’re into finance, entertainment, sports, investigation, politics, etc., a journalism career will provide you with an ideal outlet (and career opportunity). You can find stories anywhere, but it will take special skills to find and share these stories in a way that is compelling.
If you have an interest in journalism, it is important to narrow your search and focus on a specialty. This will allow you to identify positions that suit your skills, interests, and qualifications. Learning about various kinds of journalism will help you choose the specialty you would like to pursue. This list will be helpful in understanding the types of journalism and choosing the best one for you.
What is journalism?
This is a profession that entails collecting information on a subject and reporting its findings to a bigger audience via broadcast, digital or print media. A journalist will report information in different forms: including news, columns, reviews, features, and investigative reports. Feature articles and investigative reports are in long-form, meaning they’re in more detail and are fully developed. Columns, reviews, and news are shorter forms meant to address specific topics without going into much detail.
Journalism’s main purpose is to report events that affect people’s lives in various ways. journalism career consists of different types that cover different aspects of life. The following are some types of journalism:
1. Investigative journalism
This type of journalism involves researching a story to reveal evidence and publish findings to a larger audience. Journalists in this field conduct thorough research and make use of different tactics to get information. After obtaining and weighing evidence, these journalists will write in-depth reports that will shed light on the subject and give evidence in support of the conclusions.
Investigative journalism normally requires extended planning, preparation, and research. It is also in longer form, so it can contain details of findings and conclusions. This type of journalism can come in the form of broadcast and print media.
2. Online journalism
Online journalists report facts via internet media like blogs, social media, or digital newspapers. Almost any kind of information can be found on the internet. However, not all sources are credible. These journalists make and deliver content that heeds to traditional journalism practices. This means that they have to objectively report the facts of events. It provides an opportunity for reporters to easily deliver information through online media. They won’t have to experience delays like print layout, broadcast time slots, processing, and delivery.
3. Watchdog journalism
This is a genre that is meant to protect society against illegal activities or ineffectiveness from societal powers like politicians and corporations. It shares similarities with investigative journalism as its intent is also to uncover wrongdoing. These journalists keep track of the activities of influential people and large companies and report any activity that may pose a negative impact on society. This kind of journalism helps to make sure societal powers stay accountable.
Watchdog journalism career comes in both broadcast and print media. For example, watchdog journalism can come in the form of an investigation into the finances of a political campaign to ascertain whether candidates have adhered to finance law regarding campaigns.
4. Opinion journalism
Opinion journalists report on topics with subjective ideas instead of objective facts. They publish stories written from their perspectives (which will include their thoughts and biases). This kind of journalism is very different from other journalism types as it provides an avenue for the writer to include personal opinions. It is useful to help readers understand and come to terms with their own values and opinions. It will also help them have a nuanced reality since they will have access to reports containing different perspectives. There are instances where opinion journalists will align with your viewpoint, but balancing opinions with differing opinions is vital to acquiring a better understanding.
5. Sports journalism
A combination of passion for sports and sports journalism leads to sports coverage through a variety of mediums like TV, newspapers, and digital platforms. In the early 1800s, it actually started as a leisure section of newspapers that targeted the social elite. However, it has evolved into a legitimate type of journalism with the creation of more sports events. It has developed to the point that you can now study sports journalism in colleges and even obtain sports journalism masters.
Sports journalists have the opportunity to experience sports teams up close. They can also cover an entire league. As for the reporting part, they will have to be factual and authentic. Any error – whether score-related or otherwise – could be disastrous.
6. Trade journalism
Trade journalists report on a specific field or industry. They detail developments and movements in business that affects people in that field. It normally involves industry-specific news like agriculture, oil, and metals. It also includes business sectors like healthcare, finance, and travel. However, Trade journalists will process and report information regarding the market conditions of trades or industries they cover.
7. Entertainment journalism
This relates to current events and trends involving popular figures. Also, These journalists report on the entertainment business, which includes books, television, movies, events, and celebrities. They can also cover movies or TV shows, premieres, and award ceremonies. This kind of journalism can come in different genres. It is common in digital, broadcast, and print media.
8. Political journalism
This type of journalism mainly focuses on politics and government. Also, It will cover various political activity segments like international, national, or local news. However, These journalists usually report on happenings involving elected officials and political processes. It involves investigative and watchdog journalism so as to make sure the public can access this information. These journalists can also use opinion journalism to report the news.
9. Travel journalism
This type of journalism involves exploring new places and cultures. However, it involves more than just sharing unique and powerful stories. Also, You shouldn’t be tricked by the glamorous lifestyle associated with traveling; travel journalism is tough work. It still requires the thoroughness associated with other types of journalism.
10. Financial journalism
Financial journalists address topics relating to financial markets and trends. Due to its technical nature, this type of journalism requires sufficient knowledge. Also, This could be knowledge gained through a finance job or a finance degree. This type of journalism is connected to business journalism. It is intended to serve specific followership (e.g., investors and general consumers).
11. Broadcast journalism
This type of journalism encompasses the broadcast media and all its platforms. Also, It makes use of electronic platforms to report news and current events. However, Broadcast journalism’s content will range from bulletins, documentaries, news stories, and factual programs. A career in broadcast journalism can be tasking as journalists will always have to be alert in case breaking news has to be reported at odd hours. Career profiles are similar to print media (correspondent and editor), but there are other roles like a news anchor, producer, cameraperson, etc.
12. Developmental journalism
As an emerging type of journalism, the core focus of developmental journalism is to promote the general public’s welfare. Also, It sheds light on ideas, activities, happenings, and policies that are interested in the communication between people and their government. This type of journalism plays a role in revealing parts of a society that need exposure – especially underprivileged areas devoid of healthcare, education, and other amenities. Also, The role of developmental journalists is to highlight the concerns of people who have been deprived of basic amenities and rights. They will need to get the government’s attention.
Choosing the ideal type of journalism
With the availability of various journalism types, it is important that you select the most suitable for your career. The following are tips that should help you make that choice:
- Consider the career path
Each type of journalism comes with its own career path. You can find the best path if you consider your journalism career goals. For instance, if your goal involves becoming an editor-in-chief, you have to choose a career in journalism editing. You might want to become a broadcast reporter, so you have to look out for entry-level positions at TV or radio stations.
- Decide the right medium
Journalism comes in different mediums (broadcast, print, and online). You have to select the medium you find most suitable. There are situations where you will be able to work in various mediums. For instance, some journals and newspapers have internet and print mediums.
- Research the requirements
You will have to meet some requirements – depending on the job and medium. A lot of journalism positions require employees to at least have a journalism degree. For higher roles, a master’s degree might even be required. However, In the course of choosing a journalism type, ensure that you can obtain these requirements.
- Select a specialization
A lot of journalism types report on specific topics like politics or sports. Selecting a specialty will help to narrow down the search. You can also start to gain some experience in that specialty. Also, It is advisable that you choose a specialization that you will feel comfortable to work in for a long time.